The system aimed at the protection of sensitive information. Access to technology and advancement sets the pace for high-level security that is crucial in all fields of business. Having an eye on areas that are in need of maximum security must be provided by the most appropriate control system.
Such a system can be broken down into components that constitute the essence of it. The components to build the access control system are :-
1) Identification – the ultimate goal of the system is to protect it from unauthorized users that attempt to access the premises or building. Controlling the movement of people within a building can also help keep sensitive areas out of reach of unauthorized personnel. The identity of every authorized person is fed into the system before providing access cards. On the display or swiping of these cards, the person will be provided access to enter that area. Companies provide their employees with identification cards to gain access into the premises. This helps keep track of people who are present on any given day for work. Swiping cards at the office also provides the time at which the employee comes to work. This encourages the employees to be at work on time.
2) Authentication – once the system identifies the individual, it is crucial the identity be authenticated ensuring the right person has been granted access and not an imposter. Further identification can be done by methods such as entering passwords, smart cards, encryption keys or scanning of fingerprints. This will ensure authentication for high-level security. Individual cabinets or software hubs are high-security priorities. Providing access to a chosen few is a requirement. Without the access to higher order identification, even other people like employees cannot access these areas. Computers and information systems also use these components for the protection of virtual information.
3) Authorization – once the identification and authentication are granted, the accessibility to the premises or building is authorized. In the case of an error in the above procedures, an alert would be sent to the main server or mainframe after a set number of attempts have been denied access. Companies that require such high security should ensure only required people have access.
These components are the basic layout of access control. The different types of access control are governed by these basic elements. Chances of hacking or intrusion are close to impossible with these types of modern and sophisticated technology.